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Eravikulam National Park

The abode of Nilgiri Tahr in South India

Nilgiri Tahr Eravikulam

The Eravikulam National Park is located in the Western Ghats of the Idukki district in Kerala. It is known for preserving the endangered varieties of Nilgiri Tahr. Nilgiri Tahr is known for being the endangered and rare mountain goat of South India. Rolling sholas and grasslands make the most picturesque beauty of the national park. The presence of the highest peak, called as Anamudi makes the park an ideal location for trekking along.

In the past, the Eravikulam National Park was known for British Planters. It was recognised as a sanctuary in 1975 and as a National Park in 1978. The zoological, geomorphological, faunal and ecological features of the national park have made it a diverse biosphere in South India. Currently, the Kerala Department of Forests and Wildlife maintains the administration over the Eravikulam.

Following are the main features of the Eravikulam National Park:

Flora: Forests, shrub lands and grasslands are the three main categories of flora that are found in the Eravikulam National Park. The terrain which is located above 2000m or more is covered by the grasslands. Extensive forestation can be found on the deeper valleys. The grasslands, especially present in this national park are called as the Eravikulam National Park. The important flora found in the national park consists of Sysygium aronottianum, Tripogen bromodes, Pittosporum tetraspermium, Actinodaphne bourdilloni, Chrysopogon Zelanieus, Eupatorium adenophorum, Cyanotis Species and Eulalia phaeothrix . One can easily spot orchids and balsams in the sholas of this national park.

Anamudi Peak Eravikulam

Fauna: The Nilgiri Tahr is one of the most special attractions of the Eravikulam National Park. Aprt from it, there are 26 species of mammals in the national park. The most common mammals that can be easily spotted in the park include leopards, elephants, langurs, small clawless otter, wild boars. The large Attacus moth is also found in the national park. Along with it, the lion tailed macaque and the Nilgiri Langur are also the rare fauna found in the park.

Excursions from the Eravikulam National Park:

Tourists can also visit the following places and add more adventure to their travel.

Anamudi Peak: It is nestled in the interiors of this national park. The rich flora and fauna of the national park is further beautified with the presence of this high peak which adds thrill to trekking endeavours in the park. One can spot macaques, tigers, leopards and Niligiri Langurs on the peak. Tourists can also engage in fantastic trekking opportunities to reach the Anamudi Peak.

Anamudi Peak Eravikulam

Lakkom Waterfalls: These cascading waterfalls form one of the main tributaries of the Pampar River. It is located approximately 25 km away from Munnar. The natural pool which is formed near due to the accumulation of water is a beautiful place for tourists to swim in the natural ambience.

Echo Point: It is located around 15 km from the Eravikulam National Park. Tourists also like this place due to its lush greenery, view of misty hills and the enchanting echo of one's voice.

When to Reach
The Eravikulam National Park is closed during the monsoon season. The most ideal time to visit is during April to June and September to November.

How to Reach
Air: The nearest airport to the Eravikulam National Park is located in Cochin which is at the distance of 148 km. Rail: The two nearest railway stations to the Eravikulam National Park are located at Aluva (!20 km) and Tamil Nadu (165 km).
Road: The Eravikulam National Park is 13 km away from Munnar. Several state and private means of transport connect Munnar with the rest of the prominent cities in Kerala.

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